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Welcome to the HOPC

History of Physical Culture

The History of Physical Culture (HOPC) contains one of the largest and most comprehensive online libraries of its kind.  It was originally founded under the name, Sandow Plus in the United Kingdom in the late 90’s.   Following the untimely death of one of its founders, ownership was transferred to Canada and it was renamed the History of Physical Culture (HOPC).  Since then it has grown exponentially.  

Its online library represents two decades of collective literature that consists of rare historical publications from the early 1900’s to modern times. The HOPC Library offers resources to meet the needs of individuals, historians, media outlets, scholars, researchers and the academic community. Along with contemporary work and biographies by its talented team of historians and writers, it contains hundreds of rare books, articles and photos donated by the HOPC Team and collectors from all over the world who support the HOPC’s vision to preserve history.

N.B.  We are a non-commercial website. The members of the HOPC Team including our contributing writers volunteer their services.  Sales revenues help fund our operating costs. 


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